1. Hosea's marriage to the harlot symbolized the spiritual adultery of the people turning away from God to serve other gods.
  2. He symbolized the promise to Jehu that his sons would sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth generation. After this Israel would be taken captive (2Ki. 10 & 15).
  3. She symbolized God's position against Israel - no mercy.
  4. He symbolized that God would separate Himself from Israel.


  1. They still observed the feast days, the new moon celebrations, the Sabbaths, and other appointed feasts.


  1. She represented the period of time Israel would be without a king or priest. They would be in captivity by Assyria.


  1. Swearing, lying, killing, stealing, adultery, and bloodshed were rampant in the land.
  2. Knowledge of God and righteousness was not given to the people.
  3. They will be trampled because of their sin.


  1. Our deeds should be directed toward God and for God. Their deeds would not allow them to turn toward God.
  2. They were prideful in their strength and wealth but had forsaken God. They symbolized the pride which God hated.


  1. The coming of the Holy Spirit and Jesus to establish the new covenant.
  2. Their faith lasted only as long as a morning cloud or the dew on the ground.
  3. Their mercy to others and knowledge of God.


  1. As a cluster of grapes found in the wilderness and like the first fruits on the fig tree, Israel was pleasing in His eyes.
  2. They became an abomination to Him.
  3. They would have no one to protect them from any evil because God would turn his face away from them.


  1. The people and the priests of Samaria had created the image of the calf to worship. It would be taken away from them during their captivity.


  1. They did not fear or love Him as the mighty powerful and only God who held their lives in His hands. They observed rituals but were full of sinful deeds and idol worship.


  1. By all their deeds and ways of life that they have done up to that point they would be judged.
  2. Life is a struggle to do right before man and God (as Jacob did), but we will find God when we search for Him. We are to be merciful and just to all and to wait on God's help continually.


  1. This is a hint of Jesus who is to come and be the ransom for all people.
  2. Their abundant life as they lived it with all their idolatry would end when their captivity from the East came upon them.


  1. Their prayers of repentance for thier sins and for God's forgiveness and salvation.
  2. God would forgive them, heal them, and turn His anger away from doing them harm.
  3. By obeying God they would have His fruit within them. They would no longer seek idols or commit harlotry and evil deeds. They would have the favor of God.
  4. By not following God's ways,  they will remain in sin, conflict, and the wrath of God