- Hosea's marriage to the
harlot symbolized the spiritual adultery of the people turning away from
God to serve other gods.
- He symbolized the promise to
Jehu that his sons would sit on the throne of Israel to the fourth
generation. After this Israel
would be taken captive (2Ki. 10:30-31).
- She symbolized God's position
- no mercy.
- He symbolized that God would
separate Himself from Israel.
- They still observed the feast
days, the new moon celebrations, the Sabbaths, and other appointed feasts.
- She represented the period of
would be without a king or priest. They would be in captivity by Assyria.
- Swearing, lying, killing,
stealing, adultery, and bloodshed were rampant in the land.
- Knowledge of God and
righteousness was not given to the people.
- They will be trampled because
of their sin and come to ruin.
- The men were causing the
daughters to sin.
- Our deeds should be directed
toward God and for God. Their deeds would not allow them to turn toward
- They were prideful in their
strength and wealth but had forsaken God. They symbolized the pride which God
hated. They sought Assyria’s help
and turned to Baal.
- Ephraim must acknowledge
their sins and then seek God.
- This may reference the
coming of the Holy Spirit and Jesus to establish the new covenant. Literally it refers to God’s
anger with them is short-lived but His mercy will come.
- Their faith lasted only as
long as a morning cloud or the dew on the ground.
- God desires their mercy to
others and to possess knowledge of Him.
1. Ephraim turned to Egypt and Assyria
instead of God.
- As a cluster of grapes found
in the wilderness and like the first fruits on the fig tree, Israel was
pleasing in His eyes.
- They became an abomination to
- They would have no one to
protect them from any evil because God would turn his face away from them.
God would cause them to dwindle. There would be no births, pregnancies, or
conception. If the children did survive they would be killed later.
- The people and the priests of
had created the image of the calf to worship. It would be taken away from
them during their captivity.
- They did not fear or love
Him as the mighty powerful and only God who held their lives in His hands.
They observed rituals but were full of sinful deeds and idol worship. They
constantly backslid and only called on God when they needed Him.
- God will judge them by all
their deeds and ways done up to that point.
- Life is a struggle to do
right before man and God (as Jacob did), but we will find God when we
search for Him. We are to be merciful and just to all and wait on God's
- This is a hint of Jesus who
is to come and be the ransom for all people.
- Their prosperity and their
idolatry would end when captivity from the East came upon them.
- Their prayers of repentance
for sins and praise for God's forgiveness and salvation.
- God would forgive them,
heal them, and turn His anger away from doing them harm.
- By obeying God they would be
blessed and prospererous. They would have the favor of God.
- By not following God's
ways, they will remain in sin, conflict, and the wrath of God