1. Job was considered blameless and upright, one who feared God and shunned evil.
  2. God had blessed Job with seven sons, three daughters, and many animals. He was the greatest man of the land because of all his possessions.
  3. Job feared his sons may have sinned or cursed God. He would sanctify them through burnt offerings on a regular basis.
  4. Satan determined that Job was faithful because of all God had blessed him with and because God protected Job from harm.
  5. God allowed Satan to fall into Satan's hands and therefore harm, but would not allow Satan to physically hurt Job. Satan first destroyed Job's flocks and animals through human means and then killed Job's children by natural disaster.
  6. Job accepted all the calamity against him and did not blame or curse God.


  1. Satan wanted to harm Job physically but could not take his life.
  2. Satan struck Job with painful boils all over his body, from the sole of his feet to the crown of his head.


  1. Job cursed the day he was born. He long for death rather than the prolonged agony he was in.


  1. Eliphaz points out that God does not punish the innocent or righteous. The wicked reap what they sow.
  2. Eliphaz said a spirit appeared to him in the night. The spirit explained to him that if God can find error with the angels and His servants how much more will He find fault with mere mortal man?


  1. Eliphaz believes that trouble comes from God upon someone because of their sin. He is hinting that Job must have some sin that has brought this calamity upon himself.
  2. Job should be seeking God in his affliction for His pardon, favor, and help rather than accusing Him.


  1. If Job's grief could be weighed, it would be heavier than the sand of the sea.
  2. He wished that God would put him out of his misery by taking his life away from him.
  3. He felt that Eliphaz should have shown compassion, kindness, and belief in him not judgment and accusation.
  4. They shall be punished and taken captive first.
  5. What should have been good and just turned to evil and unjustness.


  1. Job says there is a time of hard service for man on earth but he still gets his pay and his rest. He, however, has not been comforted at all.
  2. If he has sinned against man or God what has he done and why hasn't God forgiven him by now?


  1. Bildad states that God will not pervert justice. Judgment comes upon all who sin. Therefore, Job must have some secret sin.
  2. Bildad tells Job to judge from the past. Those who forgot God perished.


  1. Job says that it is impossible to justify yourself before God. God is powerful, the designer of all, invisible, and does things we cannot understand.
  2. Judgment comes upon the wicked and the blameless alike.


  1. Job asks God to show him his sin, for why does He despise the work of his hand and smile on the wicked?
  2. What does Job feel God has forgotten?
  3. Job wishes that he would not have been born or would have died at birth. Then he would not have to suffer as he is now. He wishes for a few remaining days of comfort.


  1. Zophar urges Job to put his sin far away from him and to repent before God. Then God will hear him and his days would brighten up.


  1. Job answers that he too has understanding not inferior to his friends. He knows the things they say and that they are true.
  2. Job concludes that God is in charge of everything, therefore God has done all this to him even the just and the blameless.


  1. Job felt that they were speaking unjustifiably for God and they were not helping him by prescribing their incorrect remedies.
  2. Job believed God regarded him as an enemy though he was like a leaf blown in the wind or dry stubble that should be of no interest to God.


  1. Job determines that man's time is short on the earth and is determined by God. Man is in misery not only when he dies because there is no hope to live again but also while he lives because of his sufferings.


  1. He says that Job's words and knowledge are empty and vain.
  2. Eliphaz states that Job is not the first man born and his wisdom is not greater than his friends or the elders.
  3. The angels proved unrighteous in heaven. Therefore, man who is less than the angels and born in an unrighteous world, and seeks iniquity cannot be clean.
  4. The wicked man will writhe in pain all his days. Destruction and turmoil will fill his days.


  1. Job says his friends are miserable comforters.
  2. Job feels God is against him and is working His wrath on him.
  3. Job has covered himself with dust and sackcloth and continued to pray to heaven.


  1. Job feels God has hid understanding from his friends and kept them from speaking supportive words. Even their children will not be allowed to see any good in Job.
  2. Job feels God has made him contemptible before people.
  3. Job feels his grave is soon, then where will his hope be? Can it go to the grave with him?


  1. Bildad feels that the wicked are justly punished and their lives become miserable and sad. Some things that he mentions has happened to Job. Therefore, he relates this descritption of the wicked to Job. Job should confess his wickedness.


  1. Job feels God has come against him in many areas. God has made him repulsive to his family, friends, and others. He is treated as an enemy of God.
  2. Job still has faith that God is his Redeemer, he will see Him in heaven, and the root of righteousness will be found in him.
  3. Job's profession of his faith in God and of his innocence to be found gives him a hope that his friends will speak comfort to him instead of persecuting him with their words.
  4. His friends should be aware of their own sins and of judgment for themselves.


  1. The fate of the wicked man is the ultimate wrath of God and deliberate tribulation from Him. Any success of the wicked is short lived.


  1. Job feels that the wicked keep excelling in all that they do with no punishment for their deeds.
  2. Job wants the punishment of the wicked to be on them in their time and not visited on their children.
  3. If the wicked's punishment is at the end of time and they live pleasurably in the present then why has he (Job) suffered loss and tribulations in the present? Common experience, says Job, shows that good men are very often in great tribulation, while the vilest of men thrive and prosper in the world Therefore, how can they accuse him of being wickedeeing that he suffers so in the present time?


  1. Eliphaz accuses Job of claiming to be righteous before God.
  2. He accuses Job of a variety of wicked deeds such as taking pledges from his brother, stripping the naked, not feeding the hungry, not helping the widows, and other unrighteous deeds.
  3. God sees all wicked deeds of man even though He is high in the heavens, far away, and there is great darkness between us and God.
  4. God will use the riches and good that the wicked possess to bless the righteous. God can bless the righteous who are under the wicked person now or who will inherit or receive the things of the wicked later.
  5. Job will be at peace with God and exalted, delivered, and blessed by Him once he reacquaints himself with God.


  1. Job feels that God would have to answer him forthwith concerning his condition.
  2. Job feels that God would not contend with him and would recognize his uprightness. He could reason with God and would be delivered favorably by God.
  3. Job feels that God knows that he is upright and has not sinned. He has kept God's commandments and statutes and has been tested. He will be like pure gold.
  4. Job feels that his circumstances have been appointed to him by God. God has made him weak of heart and fears what God may judge upon him.


  1. The wicked take advantage of the poor, the fatherless, and the widow (any one disadvantaged or in need).
  2. Job feels God does not charge the wicked or punish them immediately for their wrongs. They continue to do as they please.
  3. Job feels that the mighty feel secure in their prosperity. God has not punished them or allowed any devastation, tribulation, or other loss to occur to them so they feel that the eyes of God are not on them. They die and are taken out of the way just like any other person on earth, whether good or bad.


  1. God's light and goodness shines on all people whether good or bad. However, man comes from woman and can not be righteous because he is born with tendencies to feed on wickedness and other iniquities.


  1. Job questioned Bildad's or even any man's ability, strength, wisdom, and spirit to counsel another.
  2. Job spoke of the wonders of the creation of God and of His powers and Spirit which were heard of or spoken of very little (like a whisper). The majesty of God and His Spirit is far superior to that of any man.


  1. Job continues to hold fast to his innocence, his righteousness, and the integrity of his character.
  2. Though the hypocrite may acquire much, God can take his possessions away and even his life. God is in control.
  3. The children of the wicked are purposed to fight by the sword, to die by the sword, and to fulfill the lust of their eyes.
  4. The possessions of the wicked are at sometime (as God sees fit) to be divided and given to the innocent and the needed.


  1. Neither wisdom nor the hidden treasures of the earth can be found by the eyes of man. Man can find the treasures of the earth by digging and sifting through the earth but not so with wisdom. It can not be grasped physically.
  2. Wisdom is more valuable than any treasure found under the earth.
  3. Wisdom is found by man when he fears the Lord. Man will search out the way in which to please God and to walk righteous paths. God will also give wisdom to those who seek Him.


  1. Job long for his past days when God used to watch over him.
  2. Job helped the poor, the needy, those who were perishing, the widow, the blind, and the lame. He would help the victim of the wicked.
  3. Job was well respected by both young and old. People listened to his advice and eagerly sought his words.


  1. The people mocked Job and even taunted him.
  2. He was now ridiculed by the vilest and most foolish of men, men he and others totally disdained.
  3. Job received the opposite of what he expected. He received darkness instead of light and evil instead of good.


  1. Job would not look upon or lust after another woman.
  2. Destruction and disaster are the inheritance of the evil doers.
  3. Job expected and was accepting of any punishment or loss that God levied against him for any wrongdoing of which he may be guilty.
  4. The book would have a record of his wrongs. However, he would be able to defend himself before God one by one. He could seek forgiveness for the wrong. At the present, he still had no idea of what wrongs brought all this calamity upon him. Therefore, he could not defend himself nor correct himself so that he would not do the wrong again.


  1. Elihu waited until the others quit speaking. They refused to respond to Job's self righteousness so Elihu began to speak.
  2. Elihu believed that they felt they had answered wisely to Job. Therefore, God would have to answer him now not man.
  3. Elihu would not speak as the others had, but would answer Job reasonably and with more compassion but not with flattery.


  1. Elihu states that the wrong that Job has done now is that he is contending with God. Job has forgotten the reverence and sovereignty he should maintain toward God.
  2. God speaks to the fallen through dreams, visions, and messengers.
  3. They are given the chance to repent and to change in the hope of saving them from the grave.


  1. Job was speaking with the attitude of one who is rightly wicked.
  2. Elihu states that God can not pervert justice or do wickedly. He is the supreme being. All flesh would perish if God withdrew His breath from the earth.
  3. Job should have accepted God's hand upon him quietly, contentedly, and without accusing Him falsely and foolishly.


  1. Our sins can not physically hurt God but can hurt ourselves and others.
  2. Job should wait on God's justice, it will come.


  1. God despises no one, but gives justice to the oppressed. He shows us our transgressions and works and gives us instructions and opportunity to turn from them.
  2. Job was filled with a rebellious and contentious attitude. Therefore, he is receiving the judgment due the wicked.
  3. Job should remember the majesty and greatness of God and reverence Him accordingly.


  1. God uses His works for correction, for mercy, and for the earth.
  2. We should not challenge God but remember His greatness, superiority, and spotless purity above man.
  3. Job was wise in his own eyes. This is why God has withheld answering him.


  1. Why did Job refuse counsel and spoke without knowledge?
  2. God showed Job that He is the ultimate Creator, knowledgeable about all things, places, and all knowing of all that happens. God only keeps the elements in place. How could Job question God or His justice?


  1. God has created all animals. He has given them their strength, their power, food to live, and the ability to have offspring. The animals are under the command of God also.


  1. Job became conscious of what he had spoken before. He now wishes not to speak further but to reverence God.
  2. Job condemned God's actions while upholding his own righteousness.
  3. If Job was able to adorn himself in majesty and splendor and humble the proud, bring down the wicked, and reserve them for judgment, then Job had the power to save himself


  1. The Leviathan was a fierce, huge, and uncontrollable sea animal.
  2. The Leviathan could not be tamed by man or even captured to be put to man's use. Only God could control the huge sea creature. Therefore, how could anyone, specifically Job, stand against God.
  3. Leviathan rules over all people who seek to dominate any thing or person. Since it is unconquerable, the prideful must be submissive or acceptive of its dominance.


  1. Job is repentant for all that he has said against God. He seeks to humble himself in dust and ashes.
  2. Job's three friends did not speak for God correctly. Some things they said to Job were true in a general sense as it would apply to wicked people. They did not express any mercy toward Job or help him to be comforted. They should also have admitted, as Job had, that they did not know all the ways of God and therefore did not understand why God would allow this adversity upon Job.
  3. Elihu had dealt more mercifully with Job. He had not condemned Job but had rebuked him for his only real fault - his rebellious attitude toward God.
  4. God restored to Job twice as much as he had once possessed.
  5. We must trust and honor God whether we receive blessings or not or even when adversity comes on us. When adversity befalls us we should look inside ourselves to see if or what wrong we have committed. If we see and know of a wrong we should confess it and do what ever is necessary to make things right both before man and God. If we have done nothing wrong then we should let God be our anchor and know that He is always with the righteous. We should not become angry at God but rather seek Him for strength and security. We must not question Him severely but know that God has infinite wisdom and power. He has created all things on earth and all living beings. He is in full control of all that He has created. We must remember His greatness, love, and mercy and trust in Him to get us through any adversity. Yes, God will punish the wicked either now or later. His wisdom and timing will be supreme and appropriate. God will solely deal justice to all or may even direct us to do His work. At times the righteous may suffer for some reason. We should not instantly assume guilt upon them. We should try to comfort them while remembering that God sees and knows all and will heal the righteous. God also allows things to happen for our perfection or building up. Though a righteous person may suffer now, he should reverently, respectively, and wisely rely and trust in God's wisdom, love, and justice.